Page Last Update | 19-09-2016 10:05 AM

Profile : KVK Ganjam-II

District Profile

Ganjam is one of the most natural disaster-prone districts of costal Odisha. The modern Ganjam carved out of the Vizag district of Madras Presidency and came into existence on 31.03.1936. Ganjam district is broadly divided into two divisions, the coastal plains area in the east and hill and table lands in the west. The Eastern Ghats run along the western side of the district. The plains lies between the Eastern Ghats and the Bay of Bengal. Since the hills are close to the sea, the rivers flowing from hills are not very long and are subject to sudden floods. The plains are narrow because of the absence of big rivers. The coastal plains in the east contain more fertile and irrigated lands. Towards the center and south it is hilly with beautiful well-watered valley. The south eastern portion is fertile. The extreme north east is occupied by a portion of the famous Chilika lake, spreading over an area of 8206.0 Sq.km. The district is surrounded by Kandhamal in the North-West, Nayagarh in the North, Khurda in the North-East, Gajapati district in the West and Bay of Bengal in the South-East. On its Southern periphery the district borders the state of Andhra Pradesh.

 

Ganjam district is broadly divided into three Sub-divisions spreading over an area of Ganjam economy is predominantly agrarian. Around 80 percentage of the population depends on agriculture and allied activities. The long sea and Chilika coast line is a source of rich marine products and lime shells. Ganjam is a major salt producing district in the state. The district has a geographical area of 871,000 ha. Gajam is having a population of 3,529,031 including 1,779,218 male and 1,749,813 female as per 2011 census. The total SC population of the district is 688,235 and ST population is 118,928 as per 2011 census. The average literacy rate of the district is 71.88 percent comprising of 81.85 percent male literacy and 61.84 percent female literacy. Ganjam district is having 3 subdivisions, 22 blocks, 14 Tahasils, 475 GPs and 18 urban areas. Agriculture is the primary occupation of inhabitants of this district. However due to inadequate irrigation and less fertile land, output of agro products falls short of expectation in this district.

 

Geographical Area and Population details of the District

Geographical Area :

8,070.60 sq.km

Area under Forest :

385.00 sq.km

4.77 %

Agro climatic Zone

East & South Eastern Coastal Plain Zone

Population ( 2011 Census )

Total

3,529,031

in %

Male

1,779,218

50.42

Female

1,749,813

49.58

Scheduled Caste

688,235

19.50

Scheduled Tribe

118,928

3.37

Population Density :

429 (Per sq.km)

Literacy

Total Literate :

2,210,050

71.88

Households

Total Households :

758,267

 

 

Administrative Setup of Ganjam District

No. of Sub-Divisions

3

 

No. of Tehsils

23

No. of Municipalities/Corporation

1

No. of N.A.Cs

17

No. of Blocks

22

No. of Police Stations

35

No. of Gram Panchayats

475

No. of Inhabited Villages

2838

No. of Uninhabited Villages

412

No. of villages

3250

Normal Rainfall

1276.2 mm

Total forest area

315000 ha

Total cultivated area

393000 ha

Total irrigated area

268597 ha

Cropping intensity

181%

Fertilizer Consumption

56.41 kg/ha

 

Basic Information of Ganjam District

Agro-climatic Zone

East and South East Coastal Plain Zone

Geographical Area

8,71,000 ha

Cultivated Area

4,06,000 ha

High Land

1,90,820 ha (47% of cultivated area)

Medium Land

1,13,680 ha (28% of cultivated area)

Low land

1,01,500 ha (25% of cultivated area)

Irrigation Potential

 

Kharif Area Irrigated

3,13,038 ha

Rabi Area Irrigated

69,781 ha

Soil Type

Laterite soil, Black cotton soil, Red

Average annual rainfall

1276.2mm

Cropping Intensity

181 %

Major crops grown

Paddy, Maize, Ragi, Greengram, Blackgram, Arhar, Groundnut, Vegetables, Sugarcane, Chilly, Ginger, Cotton etc.

 

Area and Yield of Major Crops

Sl. No

Name of the crop

Kharif

Rabi

A*

Y**

P***

A*

Y**

P***

01

Paddy

251.86

2555

139.88

0.54

02

Green gram

3.58

455

1.63

155.84

521

81.19

03

Ragi

45.0

895

40.28

0.94

1003

2.44

04

Black gram

16.38

466

7.63

32.80

468

15.35

05

Groundnut

11.40

1250

14.25

18.68

1928

36.02

06

Seas mum

11.63

414

4.81

14.57

420

6.12

07

Pigeonpea

13.6

934

12.7

08

Maize

10.95

2282

27.66

0.93

09

Horsegram

11.92

378

4.51

10

Sunflower

0.49

1115

0.55

11

Chilli

2.45

1441

3.53

2.97

1292

3.84

Source: Odisha Agril. Statistics 2013-14

 

Fishery and Livestock Production

Name of Commodity

Area (ha) / No.

Total Production /year

Fishery Production

Freshwater

10850 ha

37000MT

Brackish water

4062 ha

1320 MT

Cost line 60 km

0

12320 MT

Livestock Production

Dairy

9.73 lakhs

64.55 MT milk

Poultry (Million Nos. of eggs)

14.37 lakhs

1624.84

Goatery

2.18 lakhs

2311 MT meat

 

Main Verities of Crops

Paddy-

Early- Khandagiri, Jogesh, Sidhant, Bina and Sahbhagidhan

Medium- Lalat, MTU-1001, Swarna, Pratikshya, Gitanjali, Nabeen, Satabdi

Low- CR-1018, Pooja, Ketakijoha, Manaswani, Swarna Sub-1- Flood Tolerant variety), Sarala

Hybrid Rice- CRHR-32, JKRH-401, Arize-6444G, BS-6444G, Suruchi-5629, 25P25, Ajaya, Rajalakhmi (CRHR-5)

Costal Saline- Luna Sampad, Luna Subarna

Blackgram- Sarala, Ujala, Prasad, Mahuri, T-9, PU-19, PU-30, TU-94-2, WBU-108, KU 300 & 301

Greengram- Dhauli, PDM- 54, OBGG-52 (Durga), OUM-11-5 (Kamdev), K-851, Sujata TARM-1

Groundnut- TG 37A, TG 51, TG 38, TAG 24, Devi, Smruti,

Sesame - Uma, Usha, Nirmala,  Prachi,  Amrit, Vinayak,  Kanaka, Kalika, Smarak,

 

Hide Main content block

Copyright © Krishi Vigyan Kendra Ganjam-II

Visitor Counter

Powered by nTier Softwares